Aims of the project

This three-year project on the Future of Legal Gender is funded by the UK Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC).  It runs from May 2018 until April 2021.

The aim of the project is to critically explore the question of “legal gender” . This is a term we use for the different ways in which law explicitly treats people as having a gender or sex  that is stable, unitary, binary and carried with them.  Focusing on the jurisdiction of England and Wales, we ask: What would be the social, cultural and political implications if the ways that state law recognised people’s sex/ gender radically changed?  What concerns, problems and challenges would such proposals invoke, particularly for thinking about equality and social justice?  The project will draw on experiences in other countries, the legal approach taken towards other social characteristics, such as religion, ethnicity and sexuality, and the views of activists, policy-makers, NGOs, lawyers and the wider public.

Read more about the project’s aims here.

Phase One: legal systems for determining and regulating gender 

Part One of the research looked at legal systems for determining and  regulating gender around the world.  In light of law reforms being proposed and introduced internationally, its aim was to put the radical proposal of abolishing legal gender status into conversation w policy-makers, activists and NGOs. 


Read more about Phase One of the project here.


Phase Two: assessing different reform frameworks

The second phase of our research is now underway.  It is exploring the implications of either radically reforming or abolishing the current system by which people are legally gendered, including through registering sex at birth.   Our research has now divided into four separate strands.

Read more about Phase Two’s strands here.


Concluding assessment and wider public and policy engagement

The final phase of the project will provide a concluding analysis of the viability, strengths and weaknesses of different law reform options based on interdisciplinary scholarship and the research we have carried out. As part of this final stage, we will also produce a draft bill (or bills) setting out our assessment of how  law reform might be operationalised. This will combine our research findings with feminist and other critical principles for law reform.

Read more about the project’s final phase here.


Photos (Flickr):  “Kelvingrove Lights” by Stephen D. Strowes; “School” by Peter Reed.